Defining Curriculum Purpose: Our references
In addition to these secondary references, we undertook primary research with over 600 young people and around 300 adults working in and around formal education settings. You can read more about that in the PDF version of the report.
You can download the full paper (PDF) or return to the overview.
Australian Curriculum. (2022). Learning Areas. https://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/f-10-curriculum/learning-areas/
Biesta, G. (2008). What kind of citizen? What kind of democracy? Citizenship education and the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence. Scottish Educational Review, 40(2), 38-52.
Biesta, G. (2009). Good education in an age of measurement: On the need to reconnect with the question of purpose in education. Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 21(1), 33-46. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11092-008-9064-9
Cahapay, M. (2020, 06/01). Rethinking Education in the New Normal Post-COVID-19 Era: A Curriculum Studies Perspective. https://doi.org/10.29333/aquademia/8315
Center for Curriculum Redesign. (2012). The Case of Singapore: Rethinking Curriculum for the 21st Century. https://curriculumredesign.org/wp-content/uploads/Paris2012_SingaporeCase_Final-Read-Only-Compatibility-Mode.pdf
Delors, J., Unesco, & International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First, C. (1996). Learning: the treasure within: report to Unesco of the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-First Century. Unesco. https://go.exlibris.link/TXWV4pFw
Education Scotland. (2016). Curriculum for Excellence: A Statement for Practitioners from HM Chief Inspector of Education. https://education.gov.scot/media/m1nlboum/cfe-statement.pdf
Education Wales. (2022). Developing a vision for curriculum design. https://hwb.gov.wales/curriculum-for-wales/designing-your-curriculum/developing-a-vision-for-curriculum-design/#curriculum-design-and-the-four-purposes
Gillies, D. (2006). A curriculum for excellence: A question of values. 38, 25-36. https://www.scotedreview.org.uk/media/microsites/scottish-educational-review/documents/212.pdf
Hedge, N., & MacKenzie, A. (2016). Scotland's Curriculum for Excellence: a defence of autonomy and personhood. Oxford Review of Education, 42(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1080/03054985.2015.1128890
Humes, W. (2014). The Origins and Development of Curriculum for Excellence: Discourse, Politics and Control. https://doi.org/10.5040/9781472553195.ch-002
International Baccalaureate Organisation. (2019). The History of the IB. https://www.ibo.org/globalassets/digital-toolkit/presentations/1711-presentation-history-of-the-ib-en.pdf
Kennedy, A. (2005). Models of Continuing Professional Development: a framework for analysis. Journal of in-service education, 31(2), 235-250. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674580500200277
Kidner, C. (2010). SPICe Briefing - Curriculum for Excellence. https://archive2021.parliament...
Ministry of Education. (2022). The New Zealand Curriculum. https://nzcurriculum.tki.org.nz/The-New-Zealand-Curriculum#collapsible4
Munn, P., Stead, J., McLeod, G., Brown, J., Cowie, M., McCluskey, G., Pirrie, A., & Scott, J. (2004, 2004/12/01). Schools for the 21st century: the national debate on education in Scotland. Research Papers in Education, 19(4), 433-452. https://doi.org/10.1080/0267152042000295465
OECD. (2008). Reviews of National Policies for Education: Scotland 2007. https://doi.org/doi:https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264041004-en
OECD. (2015). Improving Schools in Scotland: An OECD Perspective. https://www.oecd.org/education/school/improving-schools-in-scotland.htm
OECD. (2021). Scotland’s Curriculum for Excellence: Into the Future, Implementing Education Policies (9789264341043). https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/education/scotland-s-curriculum-for-excellence_bf624417-en
Priestley, M. (2011a). Schools, teachers, and curriculum change: A balancing act?, 12, 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10833-010-9140-z
Priestley, M. (2011b). Whatever happened to curriculum theory? Critical realism and curriculum change. Pedagogy, Culture and Society, 19(2), 221-237. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681366.2011.582258
Priestley, M., & Biesta, G. (2014). Reinventing the Curriculum: New Trends in Curriculum Policy and Practice. Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/gla/detail.action?docID=1220336
Priestley, M., & Humes, W. (2010). The development of Scotland's Curriculum for Excellence: amnesia and déjà vu. Oxford Review of Education, 36(3), 345-361. https://doi.org/10.1080/03054980903518951
Priestley, M., & Minty, S. (2013). Curriculum for Excellence:'A brilliant idea, but...'. Scottish Educational Review, 45(1), 39-52.
Priestley, M., Minty, S., & Eager, M. (2014, 2014/05/04). School-based curriculum development in Scotland: curriculum policy and enactment. Pedagogy, Culture & Society, 22(2), 189-211. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681366.2013.812137
Priestley M, Philippou S, Alvunger D & Soini T (2021) Curriculum making in Europe: policy and practice within and across diverse contexts. Bingley: Emerald Publishing Ltd, pp. 1-27. https://www.emerald.com/insigh...; https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-...
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Scottish Government. (2022b). Scotland’s Curriculum for Excellence. https://scotlandscurriculum.scot
Shapira, M., Priestley, M., Peace-Hughes, T., Barnett, C., & Ritchie, M. (2021). Preliminary findings from the secondary school leaders survey: a summary Nuffield Project, Working Paper No. 2., Issue.
Shapira, M., & Priestley, M. (2020). Do schools matter? An exploration of the determinants of lower secondary school subject choices under the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence. Review of education (Oxford), 8(1), 191-238. https://doi.org/10.1002/rev3.3180
Singapore Ministry of Education. (2022a). 21st Century Competencies. https://www.moe.gov.sg/education-in-sg/21st-century-competencies
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UNESCO: Education Sector. (2020). Education in a post-COVID world: Nine ideas for public action. Futures of Education. https://en.unesco.org/sites/default/files/education_in_a_post-covid_world-nine_ideas_for_public_action.pdf
Wikimedia Commons. (2022). The Four Pillars of Education. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_four_pillars_of_education.svg